FOR COMMENT – Glossary of Food Fraud-Related Terms (09/2018) = now over 800 entries, Please Participate

Please comment on this glossary expanded from 250 to over 800 terms related to Food Fraud. The link to this Glossary is provided below. Globally there are many ongoing Food Fraud implementation activities, including work on the definitions. This is intended as a comprehensive resource to support those activities.

Brain teaser: Food fraud is bad but if it does occur what do you call it? Select from the formally defined terms:

Attack, crisis, disaster, disruption, emergency, event, exercise, hazard, threat, incident, scenario, problem, undesirable event, or something else…

Published Glossary Document:

Glossary Comment Process:


The summary and key terms from the published Glossary are included here:

Glossary of Food Fraud-Related Terms

Date/ Version: September 21, 2018 — By John Spink, PhD

This is a Glossary of Food Fraud-Related Terms. The version is identified by the update date. Anyone and everyone have the opportunity to comment or recommend edits by accessing the link to the Google Document listed above.  A few key terms are presented here (full citations in the attachment):

  • Food Fraud (Summary): illegal deception of food or ingredients for economic gain
  • Food Fraud (GFSI): “A collective term encompassing the deliberate and intentional substitution, addition, tampering or misrepresentation of food, food ingredients or food packaging, labeling, product information or false or misleading statements made about a product for economic gain that could impact consumer health.”
  • Food Authenticity (Elliott Review): “is about ensuring that food offered for sale or sold is of the nature, substance and quality expected by the purchaser.”
  • Economically Motivated Adulteration – EMA (US FDA): “Fraudulent, intentional substitution or addition of a substance in a product for the purpose of increasing the apparent value of the product or reducing the cost of its production, i.e., for economic gain.”
  • Food Integrity (Elliott Review): “can be seen as ensuring that food which is offered for sale or sold is not only safe and of the nature, substance and quality expected by the purchaser but also captures other aspects of food production, such as the way it has been sourced, procured and distributed and being honest about those elements to consumers.”
  • Food Crime (General): “this has two commons definitions of (1) incidents involving food that is a violation of a criminal statute and (2) Food Fraud incidents that are conducted on a larger scale.”


This food fraud prevention research effort is committed to identifying and supporting the policy and strategy development of Food Fraud prevention. In part, this work was enabled by funding from the MSU Food Fraud Think Tank (Danone, Mars, Cargill, Wegmans, Mondelez, Hershey’s, and Woolworths [Australia]).

Please comment on this living document, which will be continually updated.

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